Cotton Gin, Spinning Jenny, Jacquard Loom and industrial knitting.

Industrial Revolution  Cotton Gin   Eli Whitney?  Spinning Wheel  The spinning wheel is an ancient invention that turned plant and animal fibers into thread or yarn, which were then woven into cloth on a loom. However, no one knows who invented the first spinning wheel, but it most likely originated in India between 500 and 1000… Continue reading Cotton Gin, Spinning Jenny, Jacquard Loom and industrial knitting.

Sewing Machine

London Sewing Machine Museum   “Peacefully Working to Conquer the World:” The Singer Manufacturing Company in Foreign Markets, 1854-1889   With typical Yankee push, the American sewing machine of the 1850’s was publicized and quickly accepted as the great American labor-saving machine which people around the world could use for fun or profit. The industry was… Continue reading Sewing Machine

Guilds and Merchants

Medieval Merchant   these people take us back to the trade routes.  Some merchants would purchase from guilds and craftspeople. Artisan Craftsmen Apprentice  The restrictionism of the guilds has also been seen in the system of apprenticeship, ostensibly a seven-year contractual period in which the secrets of the craft were transmitted from master to apprentice, and which… Continue reading Guilds and Merchants

Aesthetic Movement and Willam Morris

THE TWO DECADES OF THE AESTHETIC MOVEMENT witnessed the emergence of shifting gender boundaries. Most historians of women’s history have catalogued these shifts for women as the widening of the domestic sphere to include moral and social reform projects, the women’s exercise movement, entrance into higher education, and a tentative excursion into the professions. Studies… Continue reading Aesthetic Movement and Willam Morris

Victorian Dress: bodily bounderies, reform, and the bloomer

The Art of Dress in the Victorian and Edwardian Eras As concepts of beauty change, so does costume. This process is called fashion. To be in fashion is to participate in and move along with the metamorphosis of culture; cultural changes eventually demand revision in ideas about beauty and ultimately in the clothing forms which… Continue reading Victorian Dress: bodily bounderies, reform, and the bloomer