Tapestries and Rugs

Tapestries: Faustino Fores School of Weaving

What is a tapestry? a strong cloth with colored threads woven into it to create a picture or design, usually hung on the wall or used to cover furniture.

How to:

PERU  The Longest continuous textile record in world history.  Basket weaving date back 10,000 BC.  Loom weaving Chavin period 1000-100 BC.

Materials: wool, llama, Alpaca, cotton.

Anthropomorphic
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Zoomorphic
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Geometric

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Common symbols:

Sun
River
Star
Flower
Lake
Llamas
Dogs
Ducks
Condors
Events
People
Folklore

Geography:

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The “North” radiating from the Chavin-Trujillo (Moche and Chimu) axis – with imperial “interruptions” from the Huari (250 years), from the Incas (80 years) and from Spain (300 years).

Historical Periods:

  • Chavin 1000-100 BC
  • Moche 50-800 AD: more known for ceramics.  Alpaca wool tapestry.
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    Description

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description

  • Wari 600-900 AD: abstract or stylized designsTunicredtunic.jpg

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  • Chimu 1100-1450 AD: anthropomorphic patterns / semi sculptured textiles.  Tapestry shirt.  Alpaca and cotton. 1400-1540 AD
    Tapestry_Shirt,_Chimú_(Peru).jpg

 

The “South” radiating from Paracas, Nasca, Ayacucho and Cusco.

 

  • Nasca period 100-700 AD

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RUGS

Rug: a floor covering of thick woven material or animal skin, typically not extending over the entire floor.

Provenance: the place of origin or earliest know history of something.  A record of ownership of a work of art or an antique, used as a guide to authenticity or quality.

 

IRAN

Fiber:  Wool

Vegatable Dye Processes

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How Persian rugs are made

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Woven Gardens Tribal Qashqa’i Nomads of Iran

Motifs

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Historic Carpets from the Islamic World 1600-1800

 

 

 

 

 

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